Martin Bailey Papers

Biographical / Historical Note

Born in London 1947; studied at the London School of Economics writing his Ph.D. on Tanzanian foreign policy; involved in the issue of the Rhodesian oil embargo; following the Ian Smith's Unilateral Declaration of Independence on 11 November 1965, sanctions had been imposed on the country, and the oil embargo was the most important form of pressure; from the mid-1970s Bailey and Bernard Rivers investigated as researchers and journalists how the major oil companies were secretly supplying Rhodesia; an official UK inquiry was established under Thomas Bingham and reported in September 1978; on this Rhodesian embargo Bailey and Rivers published Oilgate. The Sanctions Scandal (1979); after Rhodesia became independent in 1980 Bailey and Rivers turned their attention to South Africa, realising the importance of monitoring the oil embargo against the apartheid regime; they had close informal contact with the Shipping Research Bureau in Amsterdam; this Bureau, jointly sponsored by the Holland Committee for South Africa and the church group Kairos, monitored the supply of oil to South Africa, publishing regular reports, a Newsletter and other publications; the Bureau also covered Namibia, until its independence in 1990; it's work was run down in 1994, as majority rule was achieved in South Africa and Mandela took over in May 1994; now (2007) Bailey is a writer on the visual arts, mainly for the Art Newspaper (London) and also a Van Gogh specialist.


Documents on the United Nations oil delivery sanctions against South Africa and efforts by anti-apartheid organizations to tighten the oil embargo; files containing press clippings, correspondence, notes and other material, many of which refer to individual companies (i.e. BP, Caltex, Exxon Mobil, Shell, Texaco) or oil tankers such as the Almare Terza 1964-2006.

Processing Information

List made by Martin Bailey in 2008